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Πέμπτη, 21 Αυγούστου 2014

Athens Declaration on sustainable access to resources

The European Raw Material Initiative 2008, renewed in 2011, has launched a series of actions aimed atthe establishment of favourable framework conditions for the extraction of raw materials within Europe tosecure the needs of the European industry and society as a whole. The industry welcomes the progress made in the Raw Materials Initiative and considers the two reports on Critical Raw Materials and its staffworking document and the Report on Best Practices in Minerals Policy, Land-Use Planning and Permitting as considerable contributions to this progress.

I. Report on Critical Raw Materials:
All raw materials, even if not assessed as critical, are essential for the European economy. A given raw material and its availability to the European economy should therefore not be neglected just because it is not ranked as critical.

II. Recommendations concerning the framework conditions for mining in the EU


A) Policy and legal framework, mineral policy, land-use planning and permitting .The industry calls for: 
Compatibility of policy measures at European Union level .Whilst respecting the subsidiarity principle and national competence in the field of minerals policy, in view of the diversity of the relevant national legislation and various priorities of Member States, the group invites
  • the European Commission to focus on ensuring compatibility of all EU initiatives and legislation  impacting the EU non-energy extractive industry; 
  •  to continue the RMI’s national implementation and exploring all relevant options of actions together with the Member States. The impact of e.g. environmental, biodiversity, waste management, R&D&I, and spatial planning policies of the European Union on the raw materials sectors shall be considered in the analysis process; 
Improved implementation at national level: National minerals policies should endeavour to act politically and legally, to create the right framework conditions for extraction, as follows: 
  • Development of National Minerals Policy (strategy), together with an appropriate action plan, withupdate when necessary, and dissemination. Strategies should preferably be national in the Member States where raw material policy is a national competence – and should ensure coherencebetween regional and local strategies where the competences have been delegated. 
  • Where appropriate the national – or regional/local – policy and/or legislations need to include the concept of mineral deposit of public importance and define the infrastructures necessary to carry out the projects. 
B) Information framework.The industry calls for:  

Harmonisation of resource reporting. Reporting of resource potential should be improved as follows:
  • Minerals management at European Union level requires a standardised classification of reserves and resources, with due consideration for existing reporting standards currently used for different purposes. 
  •  Mineral statistical reporting, at EU level is desired on a regular basis (2 to 3 years). 
  •  Member States should be encouraged to establish/reinforce the role of competent authorities/bodies in the management of mineral information, including national raw material resource base and materials flow surveillance.