Mineral products are essential to modern societies. The process of producing, using, and recycling minerals is a necessary activity for meeting market demand while at the same time contributing to employment and local economic development in both industrialised and less developed national economies.
The Greek extractive industry is an important sector of our country’s economic activity providing the necessary raw materials to a number of fields that are essential for the national economy, such as power generation, cement and aluminium industry, constructions and construction materials industry etc. Also, it is a dynamic sector of the economy since its exports account for 65% of its total sales, both at the EU and the
The sustainability of the minerals industry rests on three pillars: economy, environment, and society’s needs. In addition, it is becoming clear that for enhancing sustainability, a fourth pillar is also required which will promote the balance and holistic integration of all three aspects: good governance.
What is needed is a clear, structured national policy for the exploitation of the mineral resources that will ensure the accessibility to raw materials while at the same time satisfy the need for protection of the environment and other social and cultural values, thus making it possible to ensure the basic principles of sustainable development. In this context, the State in collaboration with all stakeholders has developed the main axes, directions, policies and the specific actions required for the sustainable exploitation of the mineral resources in order to respond to modern needs incorporating at the same time the context of European integration initiative on raw materials (RMI).
This basic framework of the National Policy (NP) for the Strategic Planning and Exploitation of Mineral Resources was announced by the Greek Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (YPEKA) in 2012 and is presented in this work. [by Dr. Tzeferis Peter]